Text Encodings

Computer files consist of bytes. When a text is stored in or read from a file, the letters that make up the text therefore need to be written and read as bytes. For texts using only the Latin alphabet, this isn't very complicated: Since one byte can have 256 different values, each letter is assigned to a particular byte value. There are enough values to describe all letters, plus numbers, punctuation signs and a few special characters. For languages such as Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, things are more complicated: There are thousands of characters that need to be expressed by sequences of two or more bytes. Encodings describe for various languages and their characters how this is done.

Encodings are important in Babbletower in two ways:

Back to top of manual

This table Copyright © 1996, 1997 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Character Encoding Description
ISO8859_1 ISO 8859-1
ISO8859_2 ISO 8859-2
ISO8859_3 ISO 8859-3
ISO8859_4 ISO 8859-4
ISO8859_5 ISO 8859-5
ISO8859_6 ISO 8859-6
ISO8859_7 ISO 8859-7
ISO8859_8 ISO 8859-8
ISO8859_9 ISO 8859-9
ISO8859_15_FDIS ISO 8859-15 (Final Draft Information Standard, based on ISO8859-1)
Big5 Big5, Traditional Chinese
Cp037 USA, Canada(Bilingual, French), Netherlands, Portugal, Brazil, Australia
Cp1006 IBM AIX Pakistan (Urdu)
Cp1025 IBM Multilingual Cyrillic: Bulgaria, Bosnia, Herzegovinia, Macedonia(FYR)
Cp1026 IBM Latin-5, Turkey
Cp1046 IBM Open Edition US EBCDIC
Cp1097 IBM Iran(Farsi)/Persian
Cp1098 IBM Iran(Farsi)/Persian (PC)
Cp1112 IBM Latvia, Lithuania
Cp1122 IBM Estonia
Cp1123 IBM Ukraine
Cp1124 IBM AIX Ukraine
Cp1140 Cp037 with the euro
Cp1141 Cp273 with the euro
Cp1142 Cp277 with the euro
Cp1143 Cp278 with the euro
Cp1144 Cp280 with the euro
Cp1145 Cp284 with the euro
Cp1146 Cp285 with the euro
Cp1147 Cp297 with the euro
Cp1148 Cp500 with the euro
Cp1149 Cp871 with the euro
Cp1250 Windows Eastern European
Cp1251 Windows Cyrillic
Cp1252 Windows Latin-1
Cp1253 Windows Greek
Cp1254 Windows Turkish
Cp1255 Windows Hebrew
Cp1256 Windows Arabic
Cp1257 Windows Baltic
Cp1258 Windows Vietnamese
Cp1381 IBM OS/2, DOS People's Republic of China (PRC)
Cp1383 IBM AIX People's Republic of China (PRC)
Cp273 IBM Austria, Germany
Cp277 IBM Denmark, Norway
Cp278 IBM Finland, Sweden
Cp280 IBM Italy
Cp284 IBM Catalan/Spain, Spanish Latin America
Cp285 IBM United Kingdom, Ireland
Cp297 IBM France
Cp33722 IBM-eucJP - Japanese (superset of 5050)
Cp420 IBM Arabic
Cp424 IBM Hebrew
Cp437 MS-DOS United States, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa
Cp500 EBCDIC 500V1
Cp737 PC Greek
Cp775 PC Baltic
Cp838 IBM Thailand extended SBCS
Cp850 MS-DOS Latin-1
Cp852 MS-DOS Latin-2
Cp855 IBM Cyrillic
Cp857 IBM Turkish
Cp858 Cp850 with the euro
Cp860 MS-DOS Portuguese
Cp861 MS-DOS Icelandic
Cp862 PC Hebrew
Cp863 MS-DOS Canadian French
Cp864 PC Arabic
Cp865 MS-DOS Nordic
Cp866 MS-DOS Russian
Cp868 MS-DOS Pakistan
Cp869 IBM Modern Greek
Cp870 IBM Multilingual Latin-2
Cp871 IBM Iceland
Cp874 IBM Thai
Cp875 IBM Greek
Cp918 IBM Pakistan(Urdu)
Cp921 IBM Latvia, Lithuania (AIX, DOS)
Cp922 IBM Estonia (AIX, DOS)
Cp930 Japanese Katakana-Kanji mixed with 4370 UDC, superset of 5026
Cp933 Korean Mixed with 1880 UDC, superset of 5029
Cp935 Simplified Chinese Host mixed with 1880 UDC, superset of 5031
Cp937 Traditional Chinese Host miexed with 6204 UDC, superset of 5033
Cp939 Japanese Latin Kanji mixed with 4370 UDC, superset of 5035
Cp942 Japanese (OS/2) superset of 932
Cp948 OS/2 Chinese (Taiwan) superset of 938
Cp949 PC Korean
Cp950 PC Chinese (Hong Kong, Taiwan)
Cp964 AIX Chinese (Taiwan)
Cp970 AIX Korean
EUC_CN GB2312, EUC encoding, Simplified Chinese
EUC_JP JIS0201, 0208, 0212, EUC Encoding, Japanese
EUC_KR KS C 5601, EUC Encoding, Korean
EUC_TW CNS11643 (Plane 1-3), T. Chinese, EUC encoding
GBK GBK, Simplified Chinese
ISO2022CN ISO 2022 CN, Chinese
ISO2022CN_CNS CNS 11643 in ISO-2022-CN form, T. Chinese
ISO2022CN_GB GB 2312 in ISO-2022-CN form, S. Chinese
ISO2022JP JIS0201, 0208, 0212, ISO2022 Encoding, Japanese
ISO2022KR ISO 2022 KR, Korean
JIS0201 JIS 0201, Japanese
JIS0208 JIS 0208, Japanese
JIS0212 JIS 0212, Japanese
KOI8_R KOI8-R, Russian
MS874 Windows Thai
MacArabic Macintosh Arabic
MacCentralEurope Macintosh Latin-2
MacCroatian Macintosh Croatian
MacCyrillic Macintosh Cyrillic
MacDingbat Macintosh Dingbat
MacGreek Macintosh Greek
MacHebrew Macintosh Hebrew
MacIceland Macintosh Iceland
MacRoman Macintosh Roman
MacRomania Macintosh Romania
MacSymbol Macintosh Symbol
MacThai Macintosh Thai
MacTurkish Macintosh Turkish
MacUkraine Macintosh Ukraine
SJIS Shift-JIS, Japanese